August 21, 2012

Iran Civil Society Review–Women Banned from Studying, yet Leading Households

The aftermath of the earthquake in the province of Azerbaijan still dominates news coming out of Iran. Read our post Eager to Help: Iranians Respond to Earthquake for more information. In this review, we look at the news that 130 political prisoners are to be a released. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit will mean 5 days of holiday for those living and working in Tehran. Graffiti messages call for the release of political prisoners and United4Iran calls on NAM to put pressure on The Islamic Republic of Iran to adhere to international human rights agreements. The number of female breadwinners in Iran has doubled over the past 5 years. Shirin Ebadi has issued a letter to UN president Ban Ki Moon protesting the denial of education to female students and joined in a rebuke against NBC for turning war into a reality show with Stars Earn Stripes. Iranians and Israelis share messages of peace via Facebook. The pro- and anti-sanctions debate causes rifts among expat Iranians. Saeed Mortazavi is removed from his post as head of the Social Security Organization while actor Mahmoud Basiri complains he cannot get any work because he looks too much like Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

130 Political Prisoners Released

Prior to the opening of the Non-Aligned Movement meeting in Tehran and in keeping with the tradition of granting pardons to  mark the end of Ramadan, it was reported that 130 political prisoners would be released. Some noted that among the names many of the prisoners have already served all or most of their sentences. To date, 90 have been freed. Meanwhile 14 political prisoners were reported lashed.

Non-Aligned Movement Summit, Holiday Time for Tehran

Delegates of the Nonaligned Movement member states will be meeting in Tehran within a few days. The meeting will convene from 26th to 31st of August.

In preparation for the Nonaligned Movement (NAM) meeting and leadership summit in Tehran, the Iranian government has  announced a five-day-holiday in the capital.

Of the 115 members of the NAM, around 30 will attend.

Graffiti Calls for Release of Political Prisoners

Last week we covered the letter from political prisoners inviting the heads of state in town for the Non-Aligned Movement summit to visit Iranian prisons. Images coming out of Iran show written messages in public places demanding the release of opposition figures.

This one reads:

During the Non-Aligned Movement summit, oppose the arrest and imprisonment of our green companions including [Mir Hossein] Mousavi and [Mehdi] Karoubi. 

United4Iran: NAM Should Pressure Iran to End Abuse

United For Iran has released a statement addressing the “democratic leaders” and delegates of NAM to pay attention to the violation of human rights by the Islamic Republic and do not settle for the recent release of 129 political prisoners only [130 based on Kaleme report]. Excerpts of the statement read:

According to its founding charter, NAM members are required to “respect fundamental human rights” and “respect justice and international obligations.” United for Iran reminds NAM members that Iran is not qualified to lead the organization as it has shown a deep-seated hostility to recognized human rights and has repeatedly demonstrated a disregard for its international human rights obligations…. 

“Acts of ‘pardon’ are not convincing until all political prisoners are released and laws that outlaw guaranteed civil and political rights reformed.”

Female Breadwinners Doubled 

According to the new census report, women support more than 12 percent of Iranian households economically. The number has doubled within a span of five years.

Girls Not Allowed

News that female students will be banned from studying more than 70 subjects is causing alarm. (See our August 7 report for more.)

Iranian Nobel Peace Laureate Shirin Ebadi submitted an open letter to the United Nation Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon, contesting the banning of female students from participating in certain programs of higher education in Iran. After describing the extent of the new efforts to ban women from studying a number of topics including English language and literature, chemistry, and education, she adds:

The Iranian government is trying to stifle any opposition voice regarding gender discrimination. For instance, one could highlight the arrest and punishment of dozens of women’s rights activists, some of whom have received heavy prison terms; Mahboobeh Karami, Bahareh Hedayat, Nargess Mohamamdi, Nasrin Sotudeh, Haniyeh Farshid Shotorban are currently serving their prison terms.

Last year, security forces illegally shut down the “Sedighe Dolat Abadi” Library, the only independent, non-governmental library in the filed of Women’s studies.

NBC Earns Nobel Rebuke 

CBS News reports that Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Shirin Ebadi and several other Nobel laureates “protested in an open letter to NBC that the network’s new reality competition series Stars Earn Stripes glorifies war and armed violence.” The Nobel laureates mention in their letter that the TV series is “trying to somehow sanitize war by likening it to an athletic competition.”

Not Ready to Die in Your War

The people behind the Israel Loves Iran campaign have launched another initiative to combat war rhetoric.  A post on their Facebook page reads:

We are millions of people who will be hurt. Will be drafted, will have to fight, lose our lives, our relatives. We, parents from TelAviv and Teheran will have to run with our children to the shelters and pray the missiles will miss us. But they will fall somewhere, on someone.

Those last few days the sound of war is becoming louder.
So once again, loud and clear, we are saying NO to this war
We saying to the people of Iran: We Love You.

Here is an example of an Iranian soldier:

Haartez reports that in Israel a group of hundreds of anti-war Israelis wrote a letter to Israel Defense Forces to refuse to bomb Iran.

Global Voices has more here.

Sanctions, Drugs, and Wheat

Last week we covered a report from The Islamic Republic Customs Administration (IRICA) showing statistics showing that the “import of wheat from other countries including the USA has been doubled.”

The story is still a source of debate among analysts and activists. The Iranian American Forum offers another take, saying that the government uses the sanctions as an excuse for bad economic policy and to control the population. He blames Iranian lobbyists in the US for spreading anti-sanction opinion.

Journalist Golnaz Esfandiari, who has written about the sanctions, told Arseh Sevom: “I’m not sure to what extent the lack of drugs is due to the sanctions. But I see a disturbing trend among expat Iranians: whoever speaks against sanctions — because they hurt the people– is being accused of being pro-regime. That’s total nonsense.”

Mortazavi “Not Eligible”

Former Prosecutor, Saeed Mortazavi, who was promoted to the head of the biggest financial holding organization in Iran, Social Security Organization [Sazman-e Tamin-e Ejtema’ie] by Mahmood Ahmadinejad’s administration, has been removed from his post. After many protested the decision, including members of the parliament, the promotion has been revoked by the Iranian Court of Administrative Justice which pronounced Mortazavi as “not eligible for the post” and his appointment as “illegal”.

The Two Mahmouds

Mahmoud Basiri

The Iranian blogosphere is also buzzing with the news that actor Mahmoud Basiri told Farda News he was banned from working for the past 7-8 years due to his “resemblance to the President.” Basiri and a group of his colleagues met Ahmadinejad this week and, according to the banned actor, “Some raised the issue of my working ban,” when asked whether the Islamic Republic President was aware or not Basiri responded “Of course, how couldn’t he be?…These days they send me scenario scripts and arrange appointments but suddenly disapper.”

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